iraq

Continent: Asia

Region: Middle East

Area: 169,234 square miles (ranked 59th)

Capital: Baghdad

Population: 30,399,572 as of 2011

Main Language: Arabic

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Name: Najwan Ismail

Major: Biology

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Fun Facts

  • Mesopotamia, which is now Iraq, was the cradle of civilization.
  • Iraq has two official languages—Arabic and Kurdish.
  • As a result of a League of Nations mandate, Iraq gained independence from British administration on the 3rd of October 1932.
  • Iraq is bordered by six countries; Syria to the west, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the south-east, Saudi Arabia to the south, and Jordan to the south-west.
  • Around five percent of the population in Iraq is Christian, and in the north, some villages still practice an ancient non-theistic religion called Yazdanism. The remaining 95 percent of the population practice Islam.
  • Iraq is sitting atop more than 110 billion barrels of crude oil, the second-largest reserve in the world after Saudi Arabia's.
  • The Old Testament story of the Garden of Eden reputedly took place in present day Iraq.