Northern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis
Cypress Cupressaceae family

Leaves: Scale-like and arranged in a flattend spray growing only 1/8".

Flower/Fruits: Cones are bell shaped and are about 1/2" long.

Twigs/Bark: Twigs are also flattened like the leaves and are rough. Trees that grow in the open often have branches that touch the ground, otherwise the trunk is visible; the trunk may be divided into two or more secondary trunks of equal size. Bark is shredded and fiberous with numerous cross-thatched ridges.

Form/Habitat: Usually this tree reaches hieghts of 40'-50' feet and is slow growing. Northern white-cedar develops a widespreading root system which is well adapted to allow survival in several soils and also in the cracks of rocks. This species is threatened or endangered in neighboring states such as Massachuesetts and Connecticut. It has a wide range of locations in both uplands and lowlands. The uplands include old fields and cliffs, and lowland habitats include swamps, streambanks, and lakeshores.

Interesting Fact: Northern White Cedar tree can reach ages of 800 years and the oldest know tree was on the Niagara Escarpment in southern Ontario dated 1,032 years.


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