Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus
Pine Pinaceae family

Leaves: Needles are 2"-4" long, flexible, and grow 5 to a bundle which easily distinguishes it from the rest of the pine family.

Flowers/Fruits: Cones are slender, commonly 3"-6" long, and always longer than they are wide.

Twigs/Bark: Unlike several other pines, the bark of a white pine tree is not scaly, but instead dark with deep furrows and very thick. White pine branches grow horizontally with the tips varying from upwards to downwards pointing. Overall shape seems soft or feathery, niether consistently connical nor rounded, but varying.

Form/Habitat: White pines can reach hieghts of 80'-110' feet and prefer acidic to moderately moist or wet soil. This is a shade-tolerant species which will sprout and survive with only 20% of full light.

NWI Status: FACU

Click here to return to the Gymnosperm Index page.

Click here to return to the Virtual Herbarium Home Page.