Common Juniper Juniperus communis
Cypress Cupressaceae family

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Leaves: Needles are three-sided and hollow, usually grow less than and 1" long and form whorls of three.

Flowers/Fruits: Fruits are hard, ball shaped berries, blue to black in color with a whitish bloom covering. Several animals eat these berries including grouse, pheasants, deer, moose, and small birds.

Twigs/Bark: Twigs, like the needles, are also three-sided and hollow.

Form/Habitat: Junipers' most common form is a bush ranging from 1'-4' in height and 1'-6' in diameter. It can grow as a tree up to 30'in height and 1' in diameter, but this is rare. In shrub form it can be found growing in recently disturbed areas, out of cracks in rocks in poor course substrates.

Interesting Fact: This species is extremely sharp and is as painful to walk through as a thorned plant, so watch out!

NWI Status: FACU

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