My Colby-Sawyer Experience

I have learned the importance of understanding nature in creating manmade landscapes and how art involves politics, business, and economics, in addition to providing beauty and inspiration.
Jennifer Sullivan,
Business Administration

Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhina
Cashew or Sumac Anacardiaceae family

Leaves: Compound leaves are large, composed of 11 - 31 sharp-toothed leaflets. In the fall, the top of the sumac's leaves turn bright red, while the underneath is a pale yellow color.

Flower/Fruit: Male (staminate) flowers are yellow. Female(pistillate) flowers are greenish at first, quickly turning red. Fruits are long, red and covered with red hairs, fuzzy. Buds are surrounded by U shaped leaf scars and are hairy.

Form/Habitat: Staghorn Sumac reaches 5-20' in height and prefers dry soil.

Interesting Fact: Bark and leaves are rich in tannin and have reportedly been used to make black ink by boiling leaves and fruit.

Winter Identification: Staghorn commonly grows in stands with the trunk reaching 2 to 4 feet before arms branch off. Look for leftover fruit/flower stalk found at the top (looks like a large cone). Staghorn is commonly found beside highways and along medians.

NWI Status: FACU

Text by Morgan Jenkins for CES301.

Click here to return to the Angiosperm Index page.

Click here to return to the Virtual Herbarium Home Page.