Eastern Hop Hornbeam Ostrya virginiana
Birch Betulaceae family

Leaves are double-toothed, characteristic of the birch family, and elliptical, coming to a point at the tip. Measuring 1-5" long.

Flowers are flowering catkins, often noted in winter as a cluster of three that flower in April - May.

Fruits are small, bladder-enclosed nuts that look like "hops;" hence the name. They appear August - October and many persist into the winter. This is one of the distinguishing features of this tree.

Bark is also distinctive. It is tan to brown, and "shreddy" looking with vertical grooves.

From/Habitat: Eastern Hop Hornbeam is a small tree, 20 - 30' high, and 6 - 12" in diameter. It's fairly common in our area, and prefers somewhat shady locations.

Winter Identification: Eastern hop hornbeam has distinctive catkins through the winter that are approximately 2" long, often grow in clusters of three, and are rough and rigid.

NWI Status: FACU-

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